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Dudhwa National Park

Uttar Pradesh

Dudhwa National Park, situated in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, is a significant wildlife sanctuary and national park known for its diverse ecosystems and unique conservation efforts. Covering an area of approximately 490 square kilometers (189 square miles), the park was established in 1977 and is renowned for its rich biodiversity.

Dudhwa National Park

Dudhwa National Park is a protected area in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India, that was established in 1977. The park covers an area of 490 square kilometers and is located in the district of Lakhimpur Kheri, along the Indo-Nepal border.

The history of Dudhwa National Park dates back to the early 20th century when the area was used as a hunting ground by the British rulers of India. In 1958, the area was declared a wildlife sanctuary by the government of Uttar Pradesh, with the aim of protecting the swamp deer population, which was facing the threat of extinction.

In 1977, the sanctuary was upgraded to a national park, and additional areas were added to the protected area. The park was also declared a tiger reserve in 1987, as the area was found to have a significant population of Bengal tigers.

Today, Dudhwa National Park is home to a diverse range of wildlife, including tigers, leopards, elephants, sloth bears, and over 450 species of birds. The park is also known for its unique ecosystem, which includes grasslands, swamps, and dense forests.

Conservation efforts at Dudhwa National Park have included habitat restoration and the reintroduction of several endangered species, including the swamp deer and the barasingha, a species of deer that was once on the verge of extinction. The park has also been recognized for its eco-tourism initiatives, which aim to promote sustainable tourism and support the local economy while preserving the natural environment.

Dudhwa Tiger Reserve is a protected area in the Terai region of Uttar Pradesh, India. It was established in 1988 and covers an area of 1,284 square kilometers, including the Dudhwa National Park and Kishanpur Wildlife Sanctuary. The reserve is known for its rich biodiversity, with a variety of flora and fauna, including the Bengal tiger, Indian rhinoceros, swamp deer, leopard, and many species of birds.